In 14, Roman Emperor Caesar Augustus died at the age of 76. As the first emperor, he had ruled for four decades.
“He was unusually handsome and exceedingly graceful at all periods of his life, though he cared nothing for personal adornment. His expression, whether in conversation or when he was silent, was calm and mild.…He had clear, bright eyes, in which he liked to have it thought that there was a kind of divine power, and it greatly pleased him, whenever he looked keenly at anyone, if he let his face fall as if before the radiance of the sun. His teeth were wide apart, small and ill-kept; his hair was slightly curly and inclining to golden; his eyebrows met.…His complexion was between dark and fair. He was short of stature, but this was concealed by the fine proportion and symmetry of his figure, and was noticeable only by comparison with some taller person standing beside him.” Suetonius
English: Gaius Iulius Caesar Octavianus Augustus, marble bust, Author unknown, Florence, Italy, 17th century. On display at Chateau de Vaux-le-Vicomte, France Français : Gaius Iulius Caesar Octavianus Augustus, buste en marbre, auteur inconnu, Florence, Italie, XVIIème siècle. Château de Vaux-le-Vicomte, France. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
In 1274, Edward I was crowned king of England at Westminster. Now 35 years old, Edward had redeemed a bad start. He had been arrogant, lawless, violent, treacherous, revengeful, and cruel; his Angevin rages matched those of Henry II. Loving his own way and intolerant of opposition, he had still proved susceptible to influence by strong-minded associates. He had shown intense family affection, loyalty to friends, courage, brilliant military capacity, and a gift for leadership; handsome, tall, powerful, and tough, he had the qualities men admired. He loved efficient, strong government, enjoyed power, and had learned to admire justice, though in his own affairs it was often the letter, not the spirit of the law that he observed. Having mastered his anger, he had shown himself capable of patient negotiation, generosity, and even idealism; and he preferred the society and advice of strong counselors with good minds.
War of 1812: In 1812, the USS Constitution, commanded by Captain Isaac Hull, won a brilliant victory over the British frigate HMS Guerrière. Tradition has it that during this encounter the American sailors, on seeing British shot failing to penetrate the oak sides of their ship, dubbed it “Old Ironsides.” Several other victories added to its fame.
English: USS Constitution passing through Gaillard Cut on her Atlantic to Pacific transit of the Panama Canal, 27 December 1932. Alongside is the Canal tug Gorgona. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
War of 1812: In 1814, British troops landed at Benedict, Maryland, with the objective of capturing Washington, DC. British Genera; Robert Ross captured Washington (August 24) and burned government buildings, including the United States Capitol and the Executive Mansion (now known as the White House). The British justified this action as retaliation for the American destruction of York (modern Toronto), the capital of Upper Canada, the previous year.
Tomb of Major General Robert Ross (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Mexican War: In 1847, Major General Winfield Scott began the Battle of Contreras, opening the final campaign of the war. Finding the road from Acapulco to Mexico City blocked by units of Gen. Antonio López de Santa Anna‘s army, Scott took the difficult road across the lava beds south of Lake Chalco. That route was held by Gen. Gabriel Valencia, who occupied the hill of Padierna, north of Contreras. On August 19 in an engagement lasting less than 20 minutes, Scott drove Valencia from Contreras and gained control of several roads leading to Mexico City.
English: Antonio López de Santa Anna (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
World War III: In 1960, Francis Gary Powers was sentenced to 10 years’ confinement by the Soviet Union for espionage following the U-2 Affair, but he was later released in exchange for the Soviet spy Rudolf Abel.
Soviet leader Khrushchev and wreckage from shootdown of U-2 piloted by Francis Gary Powers (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
World War III: In 1991, Mikhail Gorbachev, the general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1985–91) and president of the Soviet Union (1990–91), was briefly ousted in a coup by communist hard-liners. After the coup foundered in the face of staunch resistance by Russian President Boris Yeltsin and other reformers who had risen to power under the democratic reforms, Gorbachev resumed his duties as Soviet president, but his position had by now been irretrievably weakened. Entering into an unavoidable alliance with Yeltsin, Gorbachev quit the Communist Party, disbanded its Central Committee, and supported measures to strip the party of its control over the KGB and the armed forces. Gorbachev also moved quickly to shift fundamental political powers to the Soviet Union’s constituent republics.
English: Soviet President Michael Sergeevich Gorbachev Русский: Президент СССР Михаил Сергеевич Горбачёв (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Regards, Roger Mickelson
Source material includes Associated Press International and Encyclopædia Britannica.