Roger Mickelson’s History For Today 4/29/13

Hundred Years’ War:    In 1429, Jeanne d’ Arc (Joan of Arc) and French commander La Hire entered the besieged city of Orléans with supplies; she was told that action against the surrounding English forces must be deferred until further reinforcements could be brought in. On the evening of May 4, when Joan was resting, she suddenly sprang up, apparently inspired, and announced that she must go and attack the English. Having herself armed, she hurried out to the east of the city toward an English fort where, indeed, an engagement of which she had not been told was taking place. Her arrival roused the French, and they took the fort. The next day Joan addressed another of her letters of defiance to the English. On the morning of May 6 she crossed to the south bank of the river and advanced toward another fort; the English immediately evacuated it in order to defend a stronger position nearby, but Joan and La Hire attacked them there and took it by storm. Very early on May 7 the French advanced against the fort of Les Tourelles. Joan was wounded but quickly returned to the fight, and it was thanks in part to her example that the French commanders maintained the attack until the English capitulated. Next day the English were seen to be retreating, but, because it was a Sunday, Joan refused to allow any pursuit.


 Joan of Ark



In 1913, Swedish Canadian Gideon Sundback received a US patent for the modern “hookless” zipper. The idea of a slide fastener was exhibited by Whitcomb L. Judson at the World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893 in Chicago. Judson’s fastener, called a clasp locker, was an arrangement of hooks and eyes with a slide clasp for closing and opening. Gideon Sundback, a Swedish engineer working in the United States, substituted spring clips in place of hooks and eyes and in 1912 produced his Hookless #2. In the same year a similar device was patented in Europe by Catharina Kuhn-Moos. In 1917, the US Navy equipped windproof flying suits with slide fasteners. In the late 1920s and early 1930s they appeared on clothing for both men and women. In 1923, B.G. Work of the BF Goodrich Company gave the name zipper to the slide fastener that had just been adopted for closing overshoes.



This image was selected as a picture of the we...

This image was selected as a picture of the week on the Czech Wikipedia for th week, 2007. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)


World War I:    In 1916, British troops surrendered to Ottoman Turks at Al-Kūt, Iraq, following a five-month siege. Following a rapid advance from the south in 1915, British forces under Major General Charles Townsend occupied Al-Kūt on their march toward Baghdad. Military reversals led the British to retreat to Al-Kūt, however, where they were surrounded by an Ottoman army on December 8. British forces surrendered on April 29, 1916, and about 10,000 British and Indian soldiers were captured.



World War II:    In 1945, the Seventh US Army liberated tens of thousands of inmates at the German concentration camp in Dachau, Germany.



In 2011, Britain’s Prince William and Kate MIddleton were married in an impressive ceremony in Westminster Chapel.

Regards, Roger Mickelson
“Politics is the art of looking for trouble, finding it everywhere, diagnosing it incorrectly, and applying the wrong remedies.”


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