Roger Mickelson’s History Today 4.9.14
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In 1388, the Battle of Näfels culminated in a major victory for the Swiss Confederation in the first century of its struggle for self-determination against Habsburg overlordship. After the expiration of the Swiss-Austrian truce (February 1388), the Habsburg Albert III of Austria advanced with an army against Glarus; but the rebels, reinforced by troops from Schwyz, first checked the invasion by holding the heights above Näfels, at the northern entrance to their valley, and then repelled it by a bloody counterattack. In April 1389 a seven-year truce was ratified by Duke Albert, who allowed the Swiss to keep their alliances and their conquests intact.
In 1413, Henry V was crowned in Westminster Abbey. In the early years of his reign his position was threatened by an abortive Lollard rising (January 1414) and by a conspiracy (July 1415) of Richard of York, earl of Cambridge, and Henry, Lord Scrope of Masham, in favor of Edmund Mortimer, earl of March. On each occasion Henry was forewarned and the opposition was suppressed without mercy.
The duke of York Richard

The duke of York Richard (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In 1682, René-Robert Cavelier, sieur (lord) de La Salle, claimed the Mississippi River basin for France, naming it Louisiana. In name, at least, he acquired for France the most fertile half of the North American continent. The following year La Salle built Fort-Saint-Louis at Starved Rock on the Illinois River (now a state park), and here he organized a colony of several thousand Indians.
Portrait of René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La ...

Portrait of René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

American Civil War:    In 1865, Confederate General Robert Edward Lee surrendered his army to Union General Ulysses S Grant at Appomattox Court House in Virginia.
Old Appomattox Court House reconstructed, Virginia

Old Appomattox Court House reconstructed, Virginia (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

World War II:    In 1942, American defenders on Bataan capitulated to Japanese Army forces. The surrender was followed by the notorious Bataan Death March. After the war, the Japanese commander of the invasion forces in the Philippines, Lieutenant General Homma Masaharu, was charged with responsibility for the death march and was tried by a US military commission in Manila in January–February 1946. Convicted, he was executed on April 3.
Bataan Death March historic photos

Bataan Death March historic photos (Photo credit: The National Guard)

  Last Saturday, retired Lieutenant General Ed Baca summarized his interviews with some of the survivors, including Bill Overmeier who sat in front of me, who had been assigned to the 200th Artillery Regiment (New Mexico National Guard) mobilized and deployed to the Philippines in 1941. Well-told, poignant, horrible in detail, and a stain on humanity.

 

Dead soldiers on the Bataan Death March

Dead soldiers on the Bataan Death March (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In 1963, Congress passed an Act that President John Kennedy signed conferred honorary United States citizenship on Sir Winston Churchill.
English: Sir Winston Churchill.

English: Sir Winston Churchill. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

World War IV:    In 2003, Baghdad fell to US-led forces, several weeks after the start of the Iraq Campaign, a conflict begun to oust Iraqi President Ṣaddām Ḥussein.

Regards, Roger Mickelson
Source material includes Associated Press International and Encyclopædia Britannica.
“Just think into the future…in about 40 years, we’ll have thousands of old ladies with wrinkly tattoos.”
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