Roger Mickelson’s History Today 6.19.14
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    Juneteenth    

                             

American Civil War:    In 1865, Union troops commanded by Major General Gordon Granger arrived in Galveston with the news that the war was over and that all remaining slaves in Texas were free. The event is celebrated as “Juneteenth.”

 

Juneteenth - General Orders Number 3

Juneteenth – General Orders Number 3 (Photo credit: Mike Licht, NotionsCapital.com)

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In 1846, Alexander Joy Cartwright arranged a baseball game between the New York Knickerbockers and the New York Nine at Hoboken, New Jersey—the first baseball game to use the set of rules on which today’s game is based.

 

O'ahu - Honolulu: Bishop Museum - Hawai'i Spor...

O’ahu – Honolulu: Bishop Museum – Hawai’i Sports Hall of Fame – Alexander Joy Cartwright (Photo credit: wallyg)

American Civil War:    In 1864, the USS Kearsarge (captained by John Winslow) sunk the CSS Alabama (captained by Raphael Semmes), which captured 69 Federal ships in two years, off the coast of Cherbourg, France.

 

English: Fight of the CSS Alabama and the USS ...

English: Fight of the CSS Alabama and the USS Kearsarge (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In 1867, Maximilian, the emperor of Mexico, was executed on a hill outside Querétaro by a firing squad. Earlier that year, Maximilian was made supreme commander of the imperial army by his conservative Mexican backers. At Querétaro, Maximilian’s small force was surrounded, starved, and finally betrayed into capitulation (May 15, 1867). Even though Victor Hugo, Giuseppe Garibaldi, and many of the crowned heads of Europe petitioned Benito Juárez to save Maximilian’s life, the Mexican president refused to grant clemency, given that thousands of Mexican lives had been lost in this latest struggle for independence from foreign domination.

 

English: Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico, c.1865

English: Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico, c.1865 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In 1910, the first-ever Father’s Day was celebrated in Spokane, Washington. The idea for the observance is credited to Sonora Louise Smart Dodd.

 

World War II:    In 1944, the Battle of the Philippine Sea began. Admiral Ozawa Jisaburo, determined on a showdown with the US invaders, sent 430 planes in four waves against ships under the command of Admiral Raymond Spruance. The result for the Japanese was a disaster: in the first day of the battle the Japanese lost more than 200 planes and two regular carriers; and, as their fleet retired northward toward safe harbor at Okinawa, it lost another carrier and nearly 100 more planes. Having already achieved a great victory, Spruance decided late on the second day not to press his attack further, a controversial decision to this day. During the two days of battle, US losses totaled 130 aircraft and some damage to ships.

Kongō under attack during the Battle of the Ph...

Kongō under attack during the Battle of the Philippine Sea, 20 June 1944 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

Regards, Roger Mickelson
Source material includes Associated Press International and Encyclopædia Britannica.
One may know how to conquer without being able to do it.”          Sun TzuThe Art of War

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