Roger Mickelson’s History Today 4.29.14
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Hundred Years’ War:    In 1429, Joan of Arc entered the besieged city of Orleans to lead the French troops against the British forces. The city, besieged since October 12, 1428, was almost totally surrounded by a ring of English strongholds. When Joan and one of the French commanders, La Hire, entered with supplies, she was told that action must be deferred until further reinforcements could be brought in to lift the siege.
English: Medallion devoted to Joan of Arc. Mor...

English: Medallion devoted to Joan of Arc. More on http://www.medailles-jeannedarc.fr Français : Médaille à l’effigie de Jeanne d’Arc Plus sur http://www.medailles-jeannedarc.fr (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

American Civil War:    In 1861, Confederate President Jefferson Finis Davis asked the Confederate Congress for permission to wage war against the Union. Davis faced a dire crisis. A president without precedent, he had to mold a brand-new nation in the midst of a war. With only one-fourth the white population of the Northern states, with a small fraction of the North’s manufacturing capacity, and with inferior railroads, no navy, no powder mills, no shipyard, and an appalling lack of arms and equipment, the South was in poor condition to withstand invasion. Its only resources seemed to be cotton and courage.
Jefferson Davis

Jefferson Davis (Photo credit: cliff1066™)

In 1913, Gideon Sundback received a US patent for a “separable fastener” that later became known as a zipper. The idea of a slide fastener was exhibited by Whitcomb L. Judson at the World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893 in Chicago. Judson’s fastener, called a clasp locker, was an arrangement of hooks and eyes with a slide clasp for closing and opening. Sundback, a Swedish engineer working in the United States, substituted spring clips in place of hooks and eyes, and on April 29, 1913, he received a patent for his Hookless #2. A similar device had been patented the previous year in Europe by Catharina Kuhn-Moos.
The first Ferris wheel from the 1893 World Col...

The first Ferris wheel from the 1893 World Columbian Exposition in Chicago. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

World War I:    In 1916, about 10,000 British and Indian troops surrendered to Ottoman Turks at Al-Kūt, Iraq, following a five-month siege. Following a rapid advance from the south in 1915, British forces under Major General Charles Townsend occupied Al-Kūt on their march toward Baghdad. Military reversals led the British to retreat to Al-Kūt, however, where they were surrounded by an Ottoman army on December 8. Other British forces retook Al-Kūt in February 1917.
World War II:    In 1945, US Seventh Army soldiers liberated the Dachau concentration camp. In the course of Dachau’s history, at least 160,000 prisoners passed through the main camp, and 90,000 through the branches. Incomplete records indicate that at least 32,000 of the inmates died there from disease, malnutrition, physical oppression, and execution, but countless more were transported to the extermination camps in Poland.
World War II:    In 1946, 25 former Japanese officials went on trial before the International Military Tribunal for the Far East in Tokyo, charged as war criminals. The trials were conducted in English and Japanese and lasted nearly two years. Of the 25 Japanese defendants (all of whom were convicted), 7 were sentenced to hang, 16 were given life imprisonment, and 2 were sentenced to lesser terms. Except for those who died early of natural causes in prison, none of the imprisoned Japanese war criminals served a life sentence. Instead, by 1958 the remaining prisoners had been either pardoned or paroled.
WPA-46-66156

WPA-46-66156 (Photo credit: R. Lanning)

in 1992, riots erupted in Los Angeles in response to the verdict of a highly publicized trial of four white Los Angeles police officers who were acquitted of charges related to the 1991 beating of Rodney King, a black motorist who had resisted arrest.
Los Angele's three day Shoot , Loot & Scoot 19...

Los Angele’s three day Shoot , Loot & Scoot 1992 (Rodney King beating) (Photo credit: ATOMIC Hot Links)

Regards, Roger Mickelson
Source material includes Associated Press International and Encyclopædia Britannica.
“Nothing is worse than that moment during an argument when you realize that you’re wrong.”

 

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